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Reference High diversity and abundance of putative polyphosphate-accumulating Tetrasphaera-related bacteria in activated sludge systems. Nguyen HT, Le VQ, Hansen AA, Nielsen JL, Nielsen PH. FEMS microbiology ecology. 2011.
Abstract The diversity of the putative polyphosphate-accumulating genus Tetrasphaera in wastewater treatment systems with enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) was investigated using the full-cycle rRNA approach combined with microautoradiography and histochemical staining. 16S rRNA actinobacterial gene sequences were retrieved from different full-scale EBPR plants, and the sequences belonging to the genus Tetrasphaera (family Intrasporangiaceae) were found to form three clades. Quantitative FISH analyses of the communities in five full-scale EBPR plants using 10 new oligonucleotide probes were carried out. The results showed that the probe-defined Tetrasphaera displayed different morphologies and constituted up to 30% of the total biomass. It was shown that active uptake of orthophosphate and formation of polyphosphate took place in most of the probe-defined Tetrasphaera populations. However, aerobic uptake of orthophosphate only took place after uptake of certain carbon sources under anaerobic conditions and these were more diverse than hitherto assumed: amino acids, glucose, and for some also acetate. Tetrasphaera seemed to occupy a slightly different ecological niche compared with 'Candidatus Accumulibacter' contributing to a functional redundancy and stability of the EBPR process.
Pubmed ID 21231938