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Reference Candidatus Desulfovibrio trichonymphae, a novel intracellular symbiont of the flagellate Trichonympha agilis in termite gut. Sato T, Hongoh Y, Noda S, Hattori S, Ui S, Ohkuma M. Environmental microbiology. 2009.
Abstract Rs-N31, a 16S rRNA phylotype affiliated with the genus Desulfovibrio, has frequently been detected from the gut of the wood-feeding termite Reticulitermes speratus. In this study, we designed a probe specifically targeting phylotype Rs-N31 and performed fluorescence in situ hybridization to identify the corresponding cells. The signals were detected exclusively inside the cells of the flagellate Trichonympha agilis, which simultaneously harbours another intracellular bacterium belonging to the candidate phylum Termite Group 1 (TG1). The detected cells were coccoid or short rods and specifically localized in the cortical layer of mainly, the anterior part of the flagellate cell. Approximately 1800 cells were contained in a single host cell, accounting for, in total, 2% of the whole prokaryotic gut microbiota. The genes dsrAB and apsA for sulfate reduction and a gene-encoding H(2)-uptake hydrogenase, both possessing a high sequence identity with those of known desulfovibrios, were obtained by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from the host cells isolated using a micromanipulator, and their expression was verified by reverse-transcription PCR. Thus, we suggest that this endosymbiont acts as a sink for the hydrogen generated by both the flagellates and possibly TG1 symbionts. For this uncultured bacterium, we propose a novel species, 'Candidatus Desulfovibrio trichonymphae'.
Pubmed ID 19170725